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Insect Repellant


The ONLY way to control the spread of the West Nile virus in people today is by controlling the mosquitoes that carry the virus and taking precautions to avoid being bitten.  Despite the risk of getting the West Nile virus through blood products, organs, and breast milk, these forms of transmission seem to be rare, according to the CDC.  Bites from mosquitoes carrying the West Nile virus remain the most common means of transmission

Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water, which includes puddles, stagnant ditches,Standing water in dog bowl and containers such as old tires, buckets, cans, neglected swimming pools, etc. Storm sewers, culverts, and catch-basins, etc. provide an outdoor resting place for adult Culex pipiens mosquito (the common house mosquito) which is most commonly associated with West Nile virus. This mosquito often enters homes through unscreened windows or doors, or broken screens.

Follow the following tips to decrease your chances of acquiring the West Nile virus:




bullet Make sure that doors and windows have tight-fitting screens. Repair or replace all torn screens in your home.
bullet Remove all discarded tires from your property.
bullet Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots, or similar water-holding containers.
bullet Make sure roof gutters drain properly. Clean clogged gutters in the spring and fall.
bullet Clean and chlorinate swimming pools, outdoor saunas and hot tubs. If not in use, keep empty and covered.
bullet Drain water from pool covers.
bullet Change the water in bird baths at least once a week.
bullet Turn over plastic wading pools, and wheelbarrows, etc. when not in use.
bullet Clean ditches of obstructions so they drain properly.
bullet Eliminate any standing water that collects on your property.
bullet Check trees for cavities that hold water and fill them with soil, gravel, or sand.
bullet Remind or help neighbors to eliminate breeding sites on their properties.


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Prepared for BIOG 154 Microscopic World -- Dr. Harry Kestler
Lorain County Community College -- Last modified: 04/18/03 -- Don't click here.